For many email is a productivity killer. Constant inflow of data is more of a distraction rather than productivity enabler. Yet at the same time email is the primary tool for communication, exchange of ideas and collaboration.
Jason Womack, a productivity and performance speaker and consultant, in his recent post for the Entrepreneur shares some of his favorite three tips in which you can improve your email management.
One that specifically struck with me is to bcc: yourself on an email that you need to follow up on and flag or move such email into a follow up folder so. This is an excellent way of making sure you have quick access to the items you need to keep and eye on.
To automate this process even further you can cc: your self not could set up a set of rules in your email client which would recognize that you bcc: yourself and would automatically tag or move messages into the right folder.
As in my day job more and more of my work is tied to email this will be an excellent solution which will simplify tracking of follow up items.
Be sure to check the other two tips as they are very handy too.
Update 07 May 2013 – while working on setting up my rule to take advantage of this follow up method I realised that I can’t use the bcc: field when sending emails (bcc: means the recipients are hidden).
If you want to automate filing and still use above method include your email address in the cc: field. Then set up a rule to flag or categorise items for follow up when you’re the sender and your email is in the cc: field.
I tested this today and work flawlessly in Outlook.
Oscar Berg shares some thoughts on email as the biggest productivity drain.
“one thing that has made email the biggest productivity drain for knowledge workers is the burden this style of communication puts on the recipient.”
This is unfortunate consequence of using email, anyone can sent it to you and now you need to react to it event if it’s deleting.
Oscar proposes a following solution: “In an opt-in culture, each and everyone can choose which conversations they want to participate in and contribute to”.
With this approach the communication is moved off email exchanges and to team blogs, SharePoint sites etc. This way all interested/relevant users can participate in making progress on the project.
Unfortunately this only reduces the problem of too much email hence strategies like the Inbox Zero are still useful and worth practicing.
Three weeks ago I wrote about returning to work from holidays and moving back into the production mode. This week I wanted to talk about dealing specifically with email as it’s a such big part of our daily work life.
Returning from holidays means you need to deal with email en mass. There is a ton of masseges that need to be dealt with quickly and efficiently so that you can get to real work.
Start before you go
You can make dealing with email easier by simply preparing before you leave. Firstly set up filters and rules to automatically flag and move emails when you’re away. Define your specific criteria whether these are corporate updates, newsletters that you’re subscribed to or messages sent to your team address. Create specific folder where those messages will be filed. Once when you are back, you can deal with your smaller inbox first and then move to review those special folders to see if there was anything relevant. Very often you will be able to simply delete those messages without reading them.
For those emails that you still would like to review setup some time to catch up on them by blocking your calendar for 15-30min.
When you’re back
Once you’re back your main goal is to get to the relevant messages and get up to speed on different communications and updates.
Start off by reviewing all the meeting requests and task assignments to catch any instances where someone asks for your presence on the first day after the holidays. These items can be easily spotted as they have a little calendar or task icon next to them instead the usual envelope.
Then sort all your emails by sender. Review all the correspondence that was send from different distribution lists and newsletters you maybe subscribed to. Decide whether these items are relevant or not and delete them.
Apply the same approach to emails send by individuals. If those messages don’t contain anything useful delete them too.
Then sort your emails by the topic. Review the last email in the chain and decide whether it’s something that you need to reviwew and keep. If the answer is no then simply delete the whole topic whether that’s 2 emails or 15 and move to another one. If you need to keep the conversation, retain the last message only, as that one will contain the full exchange. One element worth considering is to decide whether you need to keep any of the attachments that may have been exchanged. If you think there is a need for that simply review the emails with the paper clip symbol and check the attachment(s). Save those that seem important.
Now that you have only the messages that are relevant and some that you should review.
Review the remaining
Complete a scan of the remaining messages and establish those that are important and need action first. If they are something easy and quick do them right there. More complex items add them to our task management system.
Those emails that you simply need to read upon later, can be put into a separate folder and you can deal with them over the coming days and catch up on previous weeks events and discussions.
The overall aim is to get up to speed with key events in an hour or so and find the most critical messages and deal with them first.
Kicking off again with a weekly post were I share some interesting links from around the web on productivity, tools, creativity, email, GTD, projects.
Lifehack.org has a very interesing post on cleaning up your email archive from unnecessary cruft of system notifications, twitter updates, comments notifications etc. Good read if you want clean up your archive.
Text expantion is fantastic way to save time in writing repetive things and speeding up filling forms and other documents. If you on Windows have a look at PhraseExpress. App with ton of potential.
A good reminder of simple strategies that can help you focus on your actual work.
A list of ideas what calendar is for. My favorite – if it has a date and time put it on calendar.
Paper still have a place in productivity arsenal of even most die hard technology users. Michael share some very interesting observations on how paper assited him in planning.
To many coffee is synonimous with productivity and getting a kick to get thigs done. Mike Vardy shares some thoughts on finding ideal device to make your coffee.
Couple interesting links and quotes that I wanted to share:
Tips & Tricks Tuesday: Finding next actions that you haven’t acted on – Remember The Milk Blog
I have a list named “Failed Next Action” which contains the Next Action tasks I didn’t complete the last two weeks.
(1)Send less. Every e-mail you send will eventually generate pieces of e-mail for you; it’s a sort of e-mail karma.
The flip side of making a plan is to make one that is small enough to be done.
Remember the Milk has been my task manager of choice for over two years now. Although I have tried couple other task manager in that period I always came back to RTM as my preferred solution. As any application it has a strong points (you can read about some below) and has a weak points too (mainly the offline capabilities).Since it’s always easier to pick hole sin things rather than look for positives I decided to look at some of the best features of Remember the Milk that keep me organised and help me get things done. This post may appear a bit geeky as I go into the details of things like input syntax and smart lists but believe me it’s actually very simple. This is what makes this tool so powerful and effective.
It also goes in line with the notion that knowing the tools you use makes you more effective and lets you focus on what’s important.
This is one of the most powerful and useful feature of the application. Very often people point out that applications like RTM provide so many options that deciding on each of them becomes a task in itself. In my view you can use the application the way you prefer if simplicity is your thing then you simply ingore the features but if you look for a more options to slice and dice tasks than RTM lets you do that.
When inputting a new task aside from the description you can set following attributes for each task: due date, list, context, priority, duration, repeat cycle, URL and location. As you can see it’s a lot of additioal information to input. To make it simpler few years ago the guys at RTM inctroduced a set of characters which allow you to select desired feature using keyboard while entering the task. Here is the list of special characters you can use:
^ – date
# – list and context
! – priority
= – duration
@ – location
* – repeat
URL – simply paste it in[/colored_box]
So here, how this works. Lets say you want to “buy a milk” and you want to have it on your personal or errands list and location is your local shop. Obviously you will buy a milk every week so you want that as a continuous reminder.
Normally you would input the task in to the input panel and then assign relevant attributes manually in the panel on the right. However using the syntax your input would look as follows:
[colored_box variation=”pearl”] buy milk #personal @shop *weekly [/colored_box]
That’s it, no fiddling with settings or navigating with mouse, simple input and a task is properly categorised and assigned.
Two points worth noting here. You can use the same principles when entering tasks on your iPhone/iPad or Androind devices. Also existing categories will auto populate as you type which makes entering even easier.
You may be wondering what is the purpose of entering all those additional details tags, priorities, locations etc. The answer is simple with these attributes set you can slice you tasks in any way you want. This is where the smart list comes into play. This feature allows you to simply create a list of tasks based on a very specific criteria or a combination of such. In my view It’s the second most powerful feature of RTM application and I’m using it quite a lot.
Aside from the standard Inbox list I have only two basic lists Personal and Blog to manage all of my tasks. The rest is done through a set of smart list that display relevant tasks. These include following:
- Project list – a list of personal and blog projects that I currently work on.
- Next Action list – task due today or those I decided to complete in a given week. I highlight those by assigning a priority 1 to them.
- @Computer and @Home, a list for two of my basic contexts.
- @Waiting for – a list of things I’m waiting for from other people.
- No tag – task which are missing a tag.
- Smellers – picked it up form this post and essentially it’s a lists of task that were inputted over 6 months ago.
At first setting up a smart list might be a little bit overwhelming but the learning curve is not very steep. Remember the Milk forum has some great examples of those. You can also check out the support page which includes a list of relevant fields.
Next very useful feature is auto tagging of tasks. In essence when you are looking at a smart list and add a new task, RTM will automatically append a tag related to that list. This comes very handy when outlining project plans. It works very easy, I select the project tag, I use “p_xxx” to indicate project, then I start typing. Each new item will have a tag “p_xxx” assigned by default. Why this is helpful? Simple when I want to review all tasks associated with a specific project I can click on the tag and simply review them all. This helps me make sure that tasks are in their right place and I can access them when needed.
Last feature that I wanted this share is the email import. Perhaps it doesn’t sound all exciting as almost every online task manager provides this functionality, nonetheless it proves very useful. The reason it so beneficial is that it greatly fits into my project workflow. What I usually do is get a mind map or a Evernote note to outline the structure and elements of the project. Once this is done I would email the list of tasks into RTM. In addition I would include relevant syntax items so the tasks would fall into right categories or lists. Here is an example for buying a car:
buy a new car #Personal #p_car #project
research car models online #Personal #p_car #computer
call bank and check loans #Personal #p_car #calls
book a test drive with the dealer #Personal #p_car #calls @dealer
Once sent to your RTM email address (you got one during the sign up, see settings) all these lines will be converted into individual task and tags. All is left is to start reviewing your lists and tick off items.
Are you a Remember the Milk user? I would love to know how you use it. Please share in the comments section.
Note of disclosure: I’m not affiliated with Remember The Milk nor received any compensation for this post. I’m recommending it to anyone as a powerful tool to get things done and organise their tasks.
In this post I would like to share just three very practical ideas that can make dealing with email much easier and effective.
Processing email on regular basis can be a daunting task especially if you receive dozens of email per hour. One of the easier ways of reducing the amount of email in your inbox, aside from changing your email address and not telling anyone, is using filters.
Setting up a filter is very easy. Grab the message you want to filter and look for the message options by either right clik or a selecting the actions from the panel on top of your message window. Next define your criteria like sender, subject, whether your address is in to: field or cc:. This way you will determine which emails get filter out and which not. Lastly decide on the action, whether the message should be deleted straight away, archived or moved to specific folder.
Why it’s worth considering? It takes away time and effort necessary for processing messages which are non-actionalbe or non critical updates. Here is an example. If you subscribe to a number of newsletters that you want to read occasionally, set up ea filter to move those emails from the inbox to a specific folder. This way you don’t have to manage them manually and you can focus on more important emails. Thing to remember is to actually review that folder otherwise it’s becomes this “dust gathering” folder that you avoid. If that’s the case better unsubscribe from those newsletters completely.
Very often we need to communicate a single sentence or a brief update that takes one line of text. Best way to pass it is to type it into the subject box. This way the recipient knows straight away what’s is expected and can skip opening the message.
Instead writing an email which has a subject line “Monthly report” and inside the a one liner ” the report is ready” try putting “monthly report is ready” into the subject line. It’s clear, simple and gets to the point.
One thing to remember when using this method is to be aware of spam filers. Some can pick up messages without text in the body and flag them as spam. If you use auto append signature to emails this will sort the issue.
Throughout the day everyone of us makes a hundred of mouse clicks and moves to find the right option, to change a font, to create a new message or a task. Very often going through these steps can be completely avoided simply by learning keyboard shortcut. Here is a challenge for you. Over then next 3-5 days try to record the functions you’ve have used the most when working inside your email client. Once you know find out if you can use them through a single combination of keys rather the mouse.
You may think that the savings are just minimal and that it’s not worth the hassle but if you compound the savings over a longer period of time you might be quite surprised how much you’re actually saving.
to start with here are some basic keyboar shortcust for MS Outlook and Gmail
- CTRL+N – New item
- CTRL+SHIFT+A – Appointment
- CTRL+SHIFT+C – Contact
- CTRL+SHIFT+M – Message
- CTRL+SHIFT+J – Journal entry
- CTRL+SHIFT+N – Note
- CTRL+SHIFT+K – Task
- ALT + S – Send
- CTRL+R – Reply
- CTRL+F – Forward
- c – Compose
- / – Search
- k – Move to newer conversation
- j – Move to older conversation
- p – Previous message
- o or <Enter> – Open
- e – Archive
- r – Reply
- a – Reply all
- f – Forward
- # – Delete
Do you have your favorite methods for dealing with email? If so please share them in the comments section.
The Inbox Zero is a fantastic way to manage your email. One way to support the method is to create an simple folder structure that will allow for quick access to relevant type of information. One way to do that is to use create a set of three tags or folders to manage all the email:
- Waiting for
Why would you need just those three folders? These three are enough to support the need to keep a track of open itmes and maining a record of conversations. Let me explain one by one.
This is fairly self-explanatory. You need Archive folder to store your correspondence, keep a record of discussions held, any agreements made etc.
Depending on the system used to store emails the Archive can a giant single folder were everything gets lumped together. This can be easily applied in places where web-based email is used. Services like Gmail provide great search functionality so maintaining a large and complecated sub-folder structure is not be necessary. If you use other tools like Outlook which are not so good in search you will be better off with small set of folders.
In fact this is how I manage email in my workplace. I have two archive folders for major areas of my work. Each archive contains a limited number of folders. I’m trying to keep this number to a minimum but at the same time don’t let it to constrain my ability to categorise and file messages in a way that allows easy retrieval.
One way to manage to do items that arrive via email is to put them on your task list. This is an approach that I follow. The main reason for it, is that dealing with email is only part of my responsibilities so emails should be kept with other actions.
However my approach may not be most effective in environments with heavy traffic. During the processing phase once you’ve established that there is something to do with them it maybe easier to drop emails into the Do folder. When finished processing, open that folder and start working on one item at the time.
Creating a specific folders for items that require action will provide two benefits. First you have a copy of the original correspondence at hand so it’s easy to know what’s required. Secondly a separate folder allows to split todo items from other types of messages and especially remove them from the inbox leaving a clean slate.
Last important category of emails that you should be kept separate from others are waiting for items. Again you could keep track those on your task list and this is how I do it. If you have to deal with a large number of waiting fors, it may be easier to keep them in separate folder and review it regularly, at minimum once a day. Keeping this folder makes it much simpler to find the open items and follow up with someone.
Setting up your email client with these three folders allows you to better support excecution of inbox zero approach. It reduces the obstacles for accessing email, keep things cleas and nicely separated.
This was a last post in the series covering manging email. If you’re interested in the previous post please check email category on this blog.
Very often we find that after a long day we haven’t made that much of a progress and all we can remember is email and the countless number of of the messages we’ve gone through.
On the other hand email provides us with instant gratification of completion. Simply take one message, respond to it and problem solved. If compared to few hours of continuous effort to close out a project not wonder email wins.
When someone takes a day to respond does this annoy you? We came to expect that since email provides instantaneous delivery people will behave in the same way. For many few hour response time is not acceptable. However we tend to forget that email is just one element of work. Unless you work in client service team and receiving requests via email you have plenty of other responsibilities. Managing email is only one of them.
What’s in your job spec?
Lets start at the beginning. When you look at your job description does it say deal with email? Most likely not.
For majority to of people the job spec includes things like reporting, writing, attending meetings and discussions, gathering information, routine tasks etc. Sure some of responsibilities will involve dealing with email but the connection is always indirect. Yet somehow we end up spending majority of our days dealing with email and complaining that we are not doing what we were supposed to to.
How much value?
When email came about initially it was this great tool for instant communication. When letters took days to deliver, email was this tool to deliver messages instantaneously.
Nowadays many people have this expectation that we should respond to email very quickly. Yet they forget about two things. Each of us receives plenty of mail, so when sender thinks he’s creating one to one connection for recipient it’s one of many connections to deal with.
Secondly we have limited number of hours at our disposal hence we need to make very smart choices and allocate time where we receive the most value in return.
Since we can spend our working day on countless activities each similarly important we should consider following question: does responding to email is more important than working on a project Y or task Z? Unless you work in a call center and dealing with email and your primary responsibility it’s more than likely that you can wait few hours before responding.
Before your start a new day and dive into unread messages consider what bring more value.
Can emails from yesterday evening wait until lunch time so that you can spend some time on this important project?
Many people seem to be struggling with email, drowning in constant stream of messages.The simplest answer to that question is volume. The amount of email received daily exceeds people’s capacity for processing and reacting to them.However I think this answer is simply scratching the surface. There are three basic elements that contribute to the problem with email.
Anyone can send you an email message all they need to know is you address. I can send an email to anyone in the world no matter who they are provided I know their email address. There are no barriers in terms of access, special costs, permissions. Think of spam or so called unsolicited email, the reason we receive so much of it is the fact that someone with computer can send email messages to everyone. Every email message is equal, when emails are passing through the wires each message looks the same no matter what’s the content. Sure there are filters to block things we don’t want but this does not stop it and spam still forms 90% of email traffic.
Email is one of the simplest communication channels we have available. Just type the email address, content of your message and hit send. You’re done. Your message will be received in seconds, minutes at most. Getting access to email is plain and simple too, all you have to do is access one of major portals in your country and go through sign up process. Usually it takes three steps because email providers want to make it easy. It’s equally simple to communicate on one to one basis as to email dozens or thousands of people. All you need is their addresses.
Thanks to recent technology advancements and popularisation of internet connected devices we can receive, read and write email anywhere. Our smartphones and tables periodically check for new messages to grab and alert us with a loud ping. Email knows no delivery hours, unlike standard post email can reach you at 1p.m. or 1a.m. regardless what you do or where you are. Email does not know any boundaries a message from Africa will be delivered to Europe in the same way as a message from South America to Australia. Email is not bound by platform restrictions and difference that’s why you can receive emails from a colleague that uses Linux, a family member using a Mac and you can respond to them using your Blackberry smartphone. All platforms can read and understand the which makes it truly system agnostic tool.
Circling back to the original question, the three elements above on the face of it the seem to be main offenders. One could think it should be possible to make it more difficult to send email or we should ban use of devices in some places. Unfortunately these three features of email make up exactly what it is now. A highly effective tool, available to millions that is easy to use and that be be accessed from any where.
Back to the Question
So where is the actual problem? I think it’s our behavior. Email is just a tool, a very useful one, if you consider all the benefits that it brings.There are many people preaching email bankruptcy or that we need new tools because email is broken. The problem comes from the fact the people abuse email, make it more difficult for and others to read and respond email. Put various expectation on it with out consideration for how other people function.
Try to think how you use email and how you can improve on it so it’s easier others. As much we can complain about email and how others misuse it, the power to change is in your hands. Change your own behavior. Let others learn from you.
Remember one last, thing the more email you send the more you receive.
A weekly collection of posts and articles about productivity, time management, tools and technology.
- Midontrack – a GTD compliant task manager based on mind maps
- Email Viewing Habits: Where Do You Read Your Email? [Infographic]
- Seminal Productivity Ideas
Creating Personal Learning Networking
- How I’m Using Notational Velocity, Simplenote, and Merlin Mann’s QQ Trick as a Replacement for the GTD Application Things
- Reduce email overload by telling people how to work with you
If you have any interesting articles please share them in the comments section.
A weekly collection of posts and articles about productivity, time management, tools and technology.
- Building a Smarter To-Do List, Part I | 43 Folders
- Building a Smarter To-Do List, Part II | 43 Folders
- Productivity stories – Lifehacker
- The Pmarca Guide to Personal Productivity
- Why Working From Your Email Inbox Doesn’t Work
If you have any interesting articles please share them in the comments section.